Thought Leadership

Boyd Cohen, has an active research agenda with several co-authored projects, many with his frequent coauthor, Pablo Muñoz (from the University of Leeds, Sustainable Research Institute) as well as projects with other co-authors.

The research streams directly tied to our work with UrbanInnova are best summed up by the diagram on the left

Urban Entrepreneurship


  • The Rise of the Urban Entrepreneur (2016), which introduced the Urbanpreneur Spiral
  • Urban Entrerpeneurship in California Management Review (applied research based on interviews of civic entrepreneurs)
  • Urban Entrepreneurship Theory in Organization & Environment

Sharing Startups and Sharing Cities


  • Sharing Cities and Sustainable Consumption & Production in the Journal of Cleaner Production (we analyzed 18 sharing activities in cities which can make cities more sustainable)
  • Shared Mobilitiy in Cities published by Boyd Cohen and Jan Kietzmann in Organization & Environment (won Schneider Electric Paper Award for best impact on practice)
  • Sharing Business Models Compass

Smart Cities

Sharing Compass_Cohen_Munoz

  • In 2012, Boyd developed the Smart Cities Wheel which has been subsequently translated into numerous languages includingSpanish,Swedish,French and Hebrew among others.


  • In 2014, with the help of global experts in the smart cities community, we increased the number of indicators used to benchmark smart cities from 28 to 64
  • Aside from our own research several masters and doctoral students have leveraged this work for their thesis research.
  • The Smart Cities Wheel, included here, is yes, another circular diagram. We apparently have an affinity for that shape.
  • RSS Fast Company – Boyd Cohen

    • What Makes A Thriving And Interesting City? Something Called Collision Density
      How often are you going to run into someone with whom you can do something creative or interesting? Who was right, Jane Jacobs or Alfred Marshall and Michael Porter? The renowened urbanist, Jacobs argued for decades of the importance of density and diversity of economic actors in cities as a primary driver of innovation. Economists […]
    • Making Sense Of The Many Business Models In The Sharing Economy
      Do we even know what the sharing economy is anymore? Breaking down all the business models, from for-profit, venture-backed corporations to small cooperative collectives. Is Uber even part of the sharing economy? Does Airbnb’s business model have a positive or negative impact on communities? Are on-demand startups like TaskRabbit leveraging exploitative business models? What is […]
    • The Urbanpreneur Spiral: 3 Converging Forces Driving Entrepreneurship In Cities
      Urbanization, collaboration, and democratization are creating innovation hubs in our cities like never before. Over the past several years, I have been witnessing a decidedly urban revolution in the world of entrepreneurship. Early research in entrepreneurial ecosystems assumed that the network of actors who contribute to entrepreneurial activity were regionally based. This is hardly surprising, […]
    • The 3 Generations Of Smart Cities
      Inside the development of the technology driven city. Smart cities are getting more and more attention in the media, from technology companies and entrepreneurs, and increasingly from both local governments and civil society. On one hand, smart cities hold the promise to potentially make the growing number of cities around the globe more efficient, more […]
    • The Smartest Cities In The World 2015: Methodology
      Methodology for 2014 Smart Cities Benchmarking Click to enlarge I have been ranking smart cities since 2012, leveraging the smart cities wheel (left) as a framework for understanding six key components of a smart city. Methodology for 2014 Smart Cities Benchmarking Click to enlarge I have been ranking smart cities since 2012, leveraging the smart […]